The Evolution of Scales: From Balances to SAW Technology

The Evolution of Scales From Balances to SAW Technology

You may wonder about the evolution of scales, how they went from a limited capacity to industrial applications, from mechanical balances to our SAW technology. Did you know that civilization has only been around for the past 6,000 years? Yet modern-day humans have existed for nearly 200,000 years. And our ancestors were on Earth close to six million years ago.

This fact means that for millions of years humans have been evolving in order to survive and live better in the environment surrounding them. That is a long time to go from basic measurement tools to balance weighing scales. Humans knew that weighing machines were important, harnessing gravity for accuracy.

How Necessity Leads To Weighing Devices

When you look at the world today, what do you see? In 2016, many things that are central to our way of life are fast and easy.

For example, travel, communication, and shopping are all accessible and user-friendly. But they weren’t always. Cellphones and highways didn’t even exist 60 years ago. And the companies that make the products we all love so much continue to develop their products to make them the best they can be.

When it comes to inventing devices and services to improve the way humans live, mankind is remarkable. Many inventions that have completely altered the way we live were the products of one brilliant mind, or a few; however, it takes the entire world to make a product the best it can be.

Think about a weighing scale. What comes to mind? What needs do they fulfill in the modern-day?

Perhaps you picture the scale in your bathroom that you step on each morning. Or maybe your kitchen scale pops into your imagination. Chefs may use those for accurate measurements of flour, grains, or spices.

Whatever type of scale you imagine, would you ever guess that weighing devices have existed for almost as long as a modern civilization? And they are still evolving today, accounting for portable balance and harsh environments.

The First Weighing Scale: The Balance Scale

Just as mankind has slowly grown to better fit the environment in which we live, weighing scales have been continuously developed over time as needs for them have arisen. They determined the value of goods, like food or salt, by weighing them against precious metals like gold. Later, merchants could weigh coins against objects, aiming for precision.

Ancient Egyptians invented the first scale in about 3100 B.C. At the time, Egypt used a monetary system for trading goods, but they did not use coins. Instead, they assigned values to different types of metals, including gold, silver, and copper. As local and foreign trade grew, Egyptian society needed a tool that could measure the value of goods.

Precision Balances

The scale that Ancient Egyptians invented was the Balance Scale. You can probably imagine what it might have looked like.

This scale consists of two weighing pans hanging equal distance from a central beam. A merchant would place the goods on one pan and currency metals on the other. They could assess the unknown mass’s value.

In 3100 B.C., this scale would have been made from naturally found materials, such as wood and metal. Goods would have been placed on one pan and standard weights put onto the other. To confirm the weight of the goods, one person would have to adjust the weight of the goods and the weight of the standard weights until both pans were even.

Although this scale was probably extremely inaccurate, it ultimately improved the efficiency of valuing objects that were tough to measure.

The Design of Scales Improves, With Increased Demand And Analytical Balance

The progression of the weighing scale obviously didn’t stop with the Balance Scale. The design, function, and usability of the scale were altered and improved countless times.

In the 15th Century, for example, Leonardo Da Vinci created a self-indicting scale. So instead of using standard weights to estimate the weight of an object, the scale could tell you the weight. This is a design feature that is clearly still in use today.

Looking at the progression of weighing scales, things really started to get good in the 18th Century. Spring scales came to existence during the Industrial Revolution.

Spring Scale Origin

Subsequent to the invention of the coil spring in 1763, a man named Richard Salter invented the Spring Scale in 1770. The Spring Scale is easier to use and more time-efficient than the Balance Scale. It became a common household item by 1840.

Other Uses For Spring Mechanical Scales

If you didn’t already know, weighing scales have always been fundamental tools for the postal system. Before 1840, the postal system used scales to weigh individual packages and letters to determine the price of postage. Price of postage also took into account the distance of travel, number of letter pages, and size of the letter or package.

The Spring Scale transformed the postal system completely. With the incorporation of the Spring Scale, the postal system could rely solely on the weight of each package to measure the price of shipment; therefore, making the entire process less time-consuming.

The Modern Era Of Weighing Scales

Scales have been, and are still being, adapted to meet the needs that arise for them. In the 20th Century, electronic scales were finally brought into the picture. They changed the game.

After World War II, people wanted scales to be more accurate, more reliable, faster, and cheaper. Companies wanted to manufacture products quicker. And legal and quality regulations for scales were put into place. Soon they would devise the digital scale when computers became smaller and capacity bigger.

Today, load cells have become a compulsory part of electronic scales. Scales can be made from a variety of materials, including glass, plastic, and various metals. They can be powered by batteries, solar panels, or electricity.

Scales are used every single day for a variety of purposes. We use scales to weigh people, food, vehicles, and merchandise. They can monitor your weight, measure postage for shipments, and allocate balance on an airline flight.

How Advanced Is Digital Scale Technology Today?

Mankind has come a long way since the invention of the balance scale. We know how to harness a measured force for our benefit and for different industrial applications. Manufacturers can use science and computers to provide necessary analytical balance, as well as design features that increase accuracy.

Arlyn Scales is a leader in the design and manufacturing of industrial scales. We have been in the weighing industry for over 30 years, which definitely seems like a small span of time compared to the almost 6,000 years that have passed since the invention of the first weighing device.

Since that time span, Arlyn Scales has perfected the design, technology, and assembly of the industrial scales that we make and sell. We can implement data storage and conform to different units. As a result, businesses with different measurement needs can take advantage of various weighing features.

How Surface Acoustic Wave Technology Affects The Weighing Process

There are two main scale technologies used in electronic scales today: Strain Gage Scales and Magnetic Force Restoration Scales. Strain Gage Scales deliver accurate results at a low cost. And Magnetic Force Restoration Scales provide highly accurate results, but for a pretty penny.

SAW Technology And Precision Balance Weighing Scales

Arlyn Scales has developed our own Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) technology that allows our Ultra Precision Scales to bring customers the accuracy of Magnetic Force Restoration Scales at the price of Strain Gage Scales. We can thus calculate an unknown mass or weight while accounting for extenuating factors like extreme heat or cold.

So how does SAW technology work? A SAW scale has two transducers inside of it—one serves as a transmitter and the second is the receiver.

The transducers are set a specific distance apart. When an object is placed on the platform of the scale, the distance between the two transducers increases, and a wave is sent out from the transmitter to the receiver.

SAW technology measures the time it takes from the initial wave to reach the receiving transducer. Measurements are recorded digitally. Our Ultra Precision Scales can weigh objects as little as 5 pounds and up to 1,000 pounds.

Interested In Purchasing An Arlyn Scales Electronic Industrial Scale?

Arlyn Scales has successfully carried on the evolution of scales. SAW technology is accurate, efficient, reliable and you can get your Ultra Precision Scale at a price that beats out competitors offering lesser scales.

If you would like to see all of the scales and products that we offer, visit our website today. Arlyn Scales can answer all of your questions if you would like to learn more about SAW technology.